Muscle Strains/Tears

Feb 01, 2017

When you have muscle strains/tears, it means that there is damage in your muscle. Muscle damage may come as tearing (partially or completely) of the muscle fibres and the tendons attached to the muscle. The damage can also affect small blood vessels, which cause local bleeding or bruising, and pain due to irritated nerve endings in the area.

Regardless of how mild or severe your muscle strains are, it’s recommended you see a physiotherapist. If you feel that your pain isn’t severe enough, it doesn’t mean it isn’t severe. Additionally, a minor injury can quickly become a major one if not addressed correctly.

What is a Muscle Strain/Tear?

Muscle strain is sometimes referred as muscle pull. If a strain is severe, it can result to muscle tear. When this happens, it can damage small blood vessels, which explains why there is pain, bleeding, and sometimes, bruising at the the affected site.

Muscle strains are categorised from grade I to grade III. Grade I from being the mildest and grade III from being the most severe.

  • Grade I strain is a minor damage to muscle fibres, accompanied by pain and swelling.
  • Grade II strain is a partial tear of muscle, accompanied by moderate pain and swelling.
  • Grade III strain is a complete tear of muscle.

Symptoms of muscle strains include:

  • Sudden muscle pain
  • Muscle tightness
  • Bruising
  • Weakness
  • Unable to fully stretch injured muscle
  • Pain during muscle contraction/use

The more severe the muscle strain is, the more significant the symptoms are.

What Causes Muscle Strain/Tear?

Strains can either be acute or chronic. An acute strain is a result of unusually far or abrupt stretching of the muscle. It often occurs in the following ways:

  • Slipping
  • Running, jumping, or throwing
  • Lifting a heavy object or lifting in an incorrect body posture

A chronic strain, on the other hand, is a result of repetitive movement of a muscle. It may occur while working or playing sports. Almost all types of athletic activity has some risk of muscle strains/tears, but these injuries are more likely to happen in sports such as tennis, golf, and rowing.

Not warming up before physical activity, poor flexibility, poor conditioning, and overexertion and fatigue may increase your risk of getting muscle strains/tears.

How Physiotherapy Helps with Muscle Strain/Tear

Subsequent visits to your physiotherapist will help you recover from muscle damage through strengthening and stretching exercises. If you’re playing sports, specific sport rehabilitation exercises are given to restore full athletic function.

Physiotherapy uses a variety of modalities and techniques to help heal and control your pain. Massage and therapeutic exercises can help the ligaments recover strength, endurance, and range of motion in the joint. To help prevent re-injury, strapping may be needed.

Your physiotherapist may also give you a written instruction on how you can manage your symptoms at home. It may include exercises you can do at home to manage your symptoms and speed up your recovery.

To keep yourself functional and in shape, make sure your muscles are the same. Treat them well and see a physiotherapist as early as possible.

Call Happy Physio today on 92727359 for an expert assessment and treatment plan!